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MessagePosté le: Jeu 6 Juil - 20:03 (2017)    Sujet du message: Black Workers White Supervisors The Emergence Of The Labo Répondre en citant


Black Workers, White Supervisors: The Emergence of the Labor Structure in South Africa
by Morley Nkosi
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This book argues that the contours of the labor structure in South Africa first emerged in the agricultural and pastoral economy of the Cape colony under the Dutch East India Company (DEIC) from the mid seventeenth century onwards. This period set the division of labor along crude racial lines. The bifurcated structure of labor was later refined, institutionalized and rigidified during the development of the mining industry: first in copper, then diamond and especially gold mining in the country during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This structure has come to permeate all workplaces in the country up to and including the current period whether in the mining, manufacturing and service industries. Where there has been significant transformation since 1994 has only been in the public sector. The story the book presents explains how this dual and racially divided labor structure developed. In the pastoral and agricultural economy black slaves performed all the hard and menial work under the supervision of white colonists. This model was adopted by the British who took over the Cape Colony and began their penetration and conquest into the hinterland now called South Africa. The pastoral and agricultural industry of the Cape was followed by the development of mining. First there was the copper mining industry of Namaqualand, then came the diamond mining industry of Griqualand West which was followed by the gold mining industry of the Witwatersrand. Each industry s labor structure was carried into the next but with modifications and improvements dictated by the nature of the succeeding industry. A constant and visible manifestation of this labor structure has been, and still is, black workers on any site being supervised by whites. Powerful international forces that influenced the circumstances in which these four industries developed their respective labor structures were mercantilism, the industrial revolution, the free-trade regimen, British imperialism and colonialism as well as the use of gold to buttress and support the international financial system. Capital, skilled labor, technology and methods of organizing workplaces and processes were imported into these industries primarily from the Netherlands, Britain, Australia and the United States. These factors of production were used in the context of conditions and structures created by colonialism which provided two indispensable factors of production; land and labor. "The book is a political economy, historical and technical masterpiece. It demonstrates how African agriculture was destroyed by selfish mining ventures driven by European conquest of South Africa. The result of these developments is the long-term effects of the racially based job reservation system that haunts South Africa today as well as the institutionalization of the migrant labor system that has not been destroyed by the post-apartheid democratic government. Thus, economic reconciliation is a must for South Africa. Scholars and students that are pursuing inquiry into decolonizing higher education and studying South Africa as an emerging market economy must read this seminal book." --Professor Sibusiso Vil-Nkomo, Senior Research Scholar, Center for the Adv


Details:
rank:
price: $34.95
bound: 318 pages
publisher: Africa World Press, Inc.; First edition (April 24, 2017)
lang: English
asin:
isbn: 1569025126, 978-1569025123,
weight: 1.2 pounds (
filesize:



Black Workers, White Supervisors: The Emergence of the Labor Structure in South Africa Morley Nkosi


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